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Common Head & Neck Issues

September 1, 2020 | Author: | Posted in Health & Fitness

Common Head & Neck specialiast Issues

In this section, we share general information on a variety of common conditions affecting the head and neck. This should serve only as a guide and professional consultation is highly recommended. Click here to make an appointment today.

Neck Lumps

These refer to lumps, bumps, and swellings in the neck area.

Thyroids

A variety of conditions can affect the thyroid gland, which produces hormones to regulate the body’s metabolism.

Neck Lumps

Neck lumps, or any form of bumps or swelling in the neck area, are a common presentation for a wide variety of conditions. This could be due to an enlarged lymph node, swelling of the salivary glands, thyroid conditions, or cancer, among other causes.

Neck lumps can be broadly categorized into two groups according to their location– midline (running down the center of the neck) and lateral (those along the sides of the neck).

Lumps in the midline are most commonly due to thyroid conditions or thyroglossal cysts while those in the lateral regions can be caused by conditions affecting the parotid and submandibular glands or lymph nodes.

When should I seek medical attention?

If the neck lump persists or continues to increase in size, you should consider consulting a doctor. A full ear, nose, throat examination is likely to be conducted along with appropriate diagnostic tests to identify the underlying cause.

Find out more about our head and neck treatment services here.

Thyroid Specialist in Singapore

The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland situated in the lower half of the neck, in front of the windpipe. It produces hormones that regulate the metabolic rate of the body.

What types of thyroid problems are there?

Thyroid hormone imbalances come in two forms– hyperthyroidism where the gland over-secretes thyroid hormones, creating intolerance to warm environments, palpitations, general irritability, muscle weakness and weight loss in spite of an increased appetite; and hypothyroidism where too little of the hormone is produced and lethargy, intolerance to the cold and weight gain in spite of a poor appetite can happen.

There is also goitre, which refers to the enlargement of the gland. This could be due to natural physiological changes during puberty or pregnancy, but if it causes compression of the windpipe or gullet, goitres may need to be surgically removed.

Cancer can also occur in the thyroid gland, generally affecting more females than males. Symptoms include neck lumps that move when the patient swallows, enlarged lymph glands in the neck as well as hoarseness, difficulty breathing and swallowing in more advanced stages.

What treatments are available for thyroid cancer?

Surgery is the preferred primary treatment and may be used in conjunction with other treatments like radioactive iodine therapy, radiotherapy and thyroxine suppression. It is best to consult a thyroid specialist for a full evaluation.

Learn more about thyroid surgery here.

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